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rs386576380

Variant summary

Our verdict is Pathogenic. Variant got 16 ACMG points: 16P and 0B. PM1PM5PP3_StrongPP5_Very_Strong

The NM_007294.4(BRCA1):c.181T>G(p.Cys61Gly) variant causes a missense change. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.0000187 in 1,604,818 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. In-silico tool predicts a pathogenic outcome for this variant. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Pathogenic (★★★). Another variant affecting the same amino acid position, but resulting in a different missense (i.e. C61F) has been classified as Uncertain significance.

Frequency

Genomes: 𝑓 0.000033 ( 0 hom., cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.000017 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

BRCA1
NM_007294.4 missense

Scores

12
4
2

Clinical Significance

Pathogenic reviewed by expert panel P:59O:3

Conservation

PhyloP100: 5.10
Variant links:
Genes affected
BRCA1 (HGNC:1100): (BRCA1 DNA repair associated) This gene encodes a 190 kD nuclear phosphoprotein that plays a role in maintaining genomic stability, and it also acts as a tumor suppressor. The BRCA1 gene contains 22 exons spanning about 110 kb of DNA. The encoded protein combines with other tumor suppressors, DNA damage sensors, and signal transducers to form a large multi-subunit protein complex known as the BRCA1-associated genome surveillance complex (BASC). This gene product associates with RNA polymerase II, and through the C-terminal domain, also interacts with histone deacetylase complexes. This protein thus plays a role in transcription, DNA repair of double-stranded breaks, and recombination. Mutations in this gene are responsible for approximately 40% of inherited breast cancers and more than 80% of inherited breast and ovarian cancers. Alternative splicing plays a role in modulating the subcellular localization and physiological function of this gene. Many alternatively spliced transcript variants, some of which are disease-associated mutations, have been described for this gene, but the full-length natures of only some of these variants has been described. A related pseudogene, which is also located on chromosome 17, has been identified. [provided by RefSeq, May 2020]

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ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Pathogenic. Variant got 16 ACMG points.

PM1
In a hotspot region, there are 3 aminoacids with missense pathogenic changes in the window of +-8 aminoacids around while only 4 benign, 17 uncertain in NM_007294.4
PM5
Other missense variant is known to change same aminoacid residue: Variant chr17-43106487-A-G is described in ClinVar as [Likely_pathogenic]. Clinvar id is 54360.Status of the report is criteria_provided_multiple_submitters_no_conflicts, 2 stars.
PP3
MetaRNN computational evidence supports a deleterious effect, 0.992
PP5
Variant 17-43106487-A-C is Pathogenic according to our data. Variant chr17-43106487-A-C is described in ClinVar as [Pathogenic]. Clinvar id is 17661.Status of the report is reviewed_by_expert_panel, 3 stars. Variant chr17-43106487-A-C is described in Lovd as [Likely_pathogenic]. Variant chr17-43106487-A-C is described in Lovd as [Pathogenic]. Variant chr17-43106487-A-C is described in Lovd as [Pathogenic].

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
BRCA1NM_007294.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.181T>G p.Cys61Gly missense_variant 4/23 ENST00000357654.9

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
BRCA1ENST00000357654.9 linkuse as main transcriptc.181T>G p.Cys61Gly missense_variant 4/231 NM_007294.4 P4P38398-1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
AF:
0.0000328
AC:
5
AN:
152214
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMI
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad MID
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE
AF:
0.0000735
Gnomad OTH
AF:
0.00
GnomAD3 exomes
AF:
0.0000319
AC:
8
AN:
250754
Hom.:
0
AF XY:
0.0000221
AC XY:
3
AN XY:
135582
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN exome
AF:
0.0000462
Gnomad NFE exome
AF:
0.0000617
Gnomad OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.0000172
AC:
25
AN:
1452604
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
28
AF XY:
0.0000194
AC XY:
14
AN XY:
723022
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.0000187
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.0000208
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.0000167
GnomAD4 genome
AF:
0.0000328
AC:
5
AN:
152214
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
AF XY:
0.0000538
AC XY:
4
AN XY:
74360
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE
AF:
0.0000735
Gnomad4 OTH
AF:
0.00
Bravo
AF:
0.0000151
ExAC
AF:
0.0000659
AC:
8

ClinVar

Significance: Pathogenic
Submissions summary: Pathogenic:59Other:3
Revision: reviewed by expert panel
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

Breast-ovarian cancer, familial, susceptibility to, 1 Pathogenic:22Other:2
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAll of Us Research Program, National Institutes of HealthJan 06, 2024The c.181T>G (p.Cys61Gly) variant of BRCA1 has been detected in multiple individuals with breast and ovarian cancer (PMID: 7894493, 10447273, 10788334, 11102977, 19594371, 20180014, 20345474, 20507347, 20569256, 20180014, 21324516, 21503673, 21965345, 23695190, 24728189, 29492181) and prostate cancer (PMID: 27433846). Functional in vitro assays showed that this variant increases proteolytic susceptibility of the COOH-terminal portion of the NH2-terminal domain and perturbs the oligomerization properties of BRCA1 (PMID: 9525870), fails to reverse radiation hypersensitivity (PMID: 11320250), and damages ubiquitin ligase activity (PMID: 11278247). This variant has been reported in 7 non-Finnish Europeans from gnomAD. This variant occurs at high frequency in Eastern European countries and is considered a founder mutation in these countries (PMID: 20507347, 20345474). Cysteine at amino acid position 61 of the BRCA1 protein is highly conserved in mammals. While not validated for clinical use, computer-based algorithms predict this p.Cys61Gly change to be deleterious. Other changes affecting the same amino acid have been reported in individuals with breast and/or ovarian cancer (p.Cys61Arg, p.Cys61Ser, p.Cys61Tyr). This variant is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingBaylor GeneticsOct 17, 2023- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingConsortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA), c/o University of CambridgeOct 02, 2015- -
not provided, no classification providedin vitroBrotman Baty Institute, University of Washington-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedliterature onlyOMIMJun 01, 2000- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingMendelicsMay 28, 2019- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingDepartment of Medical Genetics, Oslo University HospitalJul 01, 2015- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingBRCAlab, Lund UniversityAug 26, 2022- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingGenetic Services Laboratory, University of ChicagoFeb 05, 2021DNA sequence analysis of the BRCA1 gene demonstrated a sequence change, c.181T>G, in exon 4 that results in an amino acid change, p.Cys61Gly. This sequence change has been described in the gnomAD database with a low population frequency of 0.0032% (dbSNP rs28897672). The p.Cys61Gly change affects a highly conserved amino acid residue located in a domain of the BRCA1 protein that is known to be functional. The p.Cys61Gly substitution appears to be deleterious using several in-silico pathogenicity prediction tools (SIFT, PolyPhen2, Align GVGD, REVEL). This sequence change has been reported in a significant number of individuals with breast and ovarian cancer (PMID: 7894493, 10788334, 21324516, 20180014, 20345474, 20507347, 20569256, 19594371). Experimental studies have also demonstrated that this variant disrupts several aspects of BRCA1 function (PMID: 11278247, 9525870, 22172724, 23161852, 23867111). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic. -
not provided, no classification providedclinical testingBreast Cancer Information Core (BIC) (BRCA1)-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDiagnostic Laboratory, Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Groningen-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterresearchInstitute of Genomics, University of Tartu-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute of Human Genetics, University of Leipzig Medical CenterDec 04, 2023Criteria applied: PS3,PS4,PP3,PS1_mod, PP4_PVS1 -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingCounsylNov 12, 2015- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingDepartment of Molecular Diagnostics, Institute of Oncology LjubljanaApr 02, 2020- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterresearchCentre for Mendelian Genomics, University Medical Centre LjubljanaDec 09, 2022PS3, PS4_STR, PM5_STR, PP1 -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingSharing Clinical Reports Project (SCRP)Sep 18, 2013- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingMichigan Medical Genetics Laboratories, University of MichiganNov 03, 2014- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedresearchMedical Genetics, Medical University Pleven-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingUniversity of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology (LBCM)-- -
Pathogenic, reviewed by expert panelcurationEvidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles (ENIGMA)Aug 10, 2015IARC class based on posterior probability from multifactorial likelihood analysis, thresholds for class as per Plon et al. 2008 (PMID: 18951446). Class 5 based on posterior probability = 1 -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingHuman Genome Sequencing Center Clinical Lab, Baylor College of MedicineMay 25, 2017The c.181T>G (p.Cys61Gly) variant has been detected in a multiple patients with breast and ovarian cancer [PMID 20507347, 21965345, 21503673, 20180014, 20345474, 23695190, 24728189, 21324516, 20569256 among others] and prostate cancer [PMID 27433846]. Functional in vitro assays showed that this variant was deleterious [PMID 23867111]. This variant has been reported in 8 non-Finnish Europeans from the ExAC database (http://exac.broadinstitute.org/variant/17-41258504-A-C). This variant occurs at high frequency in Eastern European countries and is considered a founder mutation in these countries [PMID 20507347, 20345474]. Cysteine at amino acid position 61 of the BRCA1 protein is highly conserved in mammals. While not validated for clinical use, computer-based algorithms predict this p.Cys61Gly change to be deleterious. Other changes affecting the same amino acid have been reported in patients with breast and/or ovarian cancer (p.Cys61Arg, p.Cys61Ser, p.Cys61Tyr). This variant is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDepartment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sinai Health System-The p.Cys61Gly variant has been identified in 64 out of 16070 proband chromosomes (frequency 0.004) in individuals with unilateral and contralateral breast cancers, ovarian cancers and familial breast and ovarian cancer phenotype, and also found in 4 out of 12088 control chromosomes (frequency <0.0001) included in these studies (Bergthorsson 2001, Brozek 2011, Bogdanova 2010, Capanu 2011, Elsakov 2010, Friedman 1994, Scott 2003, Uglanitsa 2010, Zhang 2011). It is listed in dbSNP database presented “with probable pathogenic allele” (ID#: rs28897672) however no frequency information was available. The p.Cys61 residue is highly conserved in mammals and other species; however, computational analyses (PolyPhen2, SIFT, AlignGVGD) provide inconsistent predictions regarding the impact to the protein and this information is not very predictive of pathogenicity. Functional studies have shown that this variant abolishes ubiquitin ligase activity of the BRCA1-BARD1 heterodimer and impairs BRCA1 DNA repair function, and therefore, it was considered as a pathogenic mutation (Au 2005, Brzovic 2003, Houvras 2000, Millot 2011, Morris 2004, Morris 2006, Ransburgh 2010, Ruffner 2001, Sweet 2010, Caliqo 2009, Humphrey 1997). In addition, this variant has been presented as a clinically important variant in the UMD (40 times) and the BIC (230 times) databases. In summary, based on the above information, this variant is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingMGZ Medical Genetics CenterMay 13, 2022- -
not provided Pathogenic:16
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingMayo Clinic Laboratories, Mayo ClinicDec 07, 2016- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingLaboratory of Diagnostic Genome Analysis, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingCeGaT Center for Human Genetics TuebingenMar 01, 2024BRCA1: PM1, PM5, PS3:Moderate, PS4:Moderate, PM2:Supporting, PP1 -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingClinical Genetics Laboratory, Department of Pathology, Netherlands Cancer Institute-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingQuest Diagnostics Nichols Institute San Juan CapistranoMay 03, 2023The frequency of this variant in the general population, 0.000062 (7/113480 chromosomes, http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org), is uninformative in assessment of its pathogenicity. In the published literature, the variant has been reported in individuals with hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMIDs: 35464868 (2022), 33507482 (2021), 33484353 (2021), 32885271 (2021), 32854451 (2020), 32719484 (2020), 32341426 (2020), 31347298 (2019), 31090900 (2019), 29492181 (2018)). Functional studies report the variant is damaging to proper BRCA1 function (PMIDs: 33087888 (2021), 30209399 (2018), 27272900 (2016), 25823446 (2015), 23867111 (2013), 20103620 (2010), 15569676 (2005), 11320250 (2001). Based on the available information, this variant is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingGenome Diagnostics Laboratory, University Medical Center Utrecht-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingClinical Genetics and Genomics, Karolinska University HospitalJun 13, 2014- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneDxJan 10, 2020Recurrent founder variant in the Polish, German, Czech Republic, and Austrian populations (Karami 2013); Multifactorial studies suggest this variant is associated with breast and ovarian cancer (Lindor 2012); Published functional studies demonstrate a damaging effect: variant shown in both mouse and in vitro studies to disrupt proper function of the BRCA1 protein (Ruffner 2001, Chang 2009, Ransburgh 2010, Drost 2011); Not observed at a significant frequency in large population cohorts (gnomAD); In silico analysis, which includes protein predictors and evolutionary conservation, supports a deleterious effect; Also known as 300T>G; This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 10788334, 22843421, 22172724, 21503673, 24489791, 21965345, 20345474, 22006311, 21324516, 20507347, 15235020, 7894493, 24516540, 27928164, 18097605, 9663595, 29339979, 29433453, 28477318, 29335924, 11320250, 19770520, 20103620, 21990134, 24312913, 17319787, 16168118, 9525870, 18680205, 20180014, 21922593, 23867111, 24728189, 23695190, 24504028, 21520273, 19543972, 25782689, 27043660, 26852130, 26779294, 24528374, 27194814, 26915939, 28123851, 26246475, 26689913, 27153395, 27433846, 25085752, 27836010, 25823446, 26681312, 27272900, 20569256, 28166811, 11802209, 19594371, 28454591, 28503720, 28495237, 28324225, 28285342, 18489799, 29492181, 23161852, 30209399, 30219179, 27978560, 28423363, 29310832, 30067863, 29506128, 29446198, 30720243, 30322717, 31090900, 31159747, 30918533, 31347298, 31209999, 30079159, 30040829, 29254167, 26656232, 26183948, 25814778, 23788959, 23397983, 21232165, 20683152, 20567915, 33484353, 25525159, 31447099, 32341426, 32719484, 14986830, 32885271, 33087888, 33507482, 33674644) -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingEurofins Ntd Llc (ga)May 13, 2015- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingCenter for Genomic Medicine, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University HospitalFeb 06, 2024- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital TübingenOct 23, 2020- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingJoint Genome Diagnostic Labs from Nijmegen and Maastricht, Radboudumc and MUMC+-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, ARUP LaboratoriesDec 30, 2020The BRCA1 c.181T>G; p.Cys61Gly variant (rs28897672) has been reported in individuals with breast or ovarian cancers (Friedman 1994, Zhang 2011). Additionally, other variants at this codon (p.Cys61Arg, p.Cys61Tyr) have been reported in families with breast and ovarian cancer and are considered pathogenic (Abkevich 2004, Al-Mulla 2009). The p.Cys61Gly variant is reported as pathogenic by multiple laboratories in ClinVar (Variation ID: 17661), and it is found in the general population with an overall allele frequency of 0.003% (8/250,754 alleles) in the Genome Aggregation Database. The cysteine at residue 61 is highly conserved, but computational analyses (SIFT: damaging, PolyPhen-2: benign) predict conflicting effects of this variant on protein structure/function. However, BRCA1 protein containing the p.Cys61Gly variant fails to homodimerize (Brzovic 1998), fails to protect the cell from radiation hypersensitivity (Ruffner 2001), and does not mediate homologous recombination repair upon DNA damage (Ransburgh 2010). Based on available information, the p.Cys61Gly variant is classified as pathogenic. References: Abkevich V et al. Analysis of missense variation in human BRCA1 in the context of interspecific sequence variation. J Med Genet. 2004; 41(7):492-507. Al-Mulla F et al. Age-dependent penetrance of different germline mutations in the BRCA1 gene. J Clin Pathol. 2009;62(4):350-6. Brzovic P et al. The cancer-predisposing mutation C61G disrupts homodimer formation in the NH2-terminal BRCA1 RING finger domain. J Biol Chem. 1998; 273(14):7795-9. Friedman L et al. Confirmation of BRCA1 by analysis of germline mutations linked to breast and ovarian cancer in ten families. Nat Genet. 1994; 8(4):399-404. Ransburgh D et al. Identification of breast tumor mutations in BRCA1 that abolish its function in homologous DNA recombination. Cancer Res. 2010; 70(3):988-95. Ruffner H et al. Cancer-predisposing mutations within the RING domain of BRCA1: loss of ubiquitin protein ligase activity and protection from radiation hypersensitivity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001; 98(9):5134-9. Zhang S et al. Frequencies of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among 1,342 unselected patients with invasive ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2011; 121(2):353-7. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute for Clinical Genetics, University Hospital TU Dresden, University Hospital TU DresdenNov 03, 2021- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingClinical Genetics DNA and cytogenetics Diagnostics Lab, Erasmus MC, Erasmus Medical Center-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingRevvity Omics, RevvityNov 01, 2022- -
Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome Pathogenic:7Other:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingWomen's Health and Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America, LabCorpAug 24, 2017Variant summary: The BRCA1 c.181T>G (p.Cys61Gly) variant involves the alteration of a conserved nucleotide that leads to the alteration of an amino acid residue in the RING domain of BRCA1 protein (InterPro). 4/5 in silico tools predict a damaging outcome for this variant and several functional studies demonstrated the Cys61Gly mutation affects several functional properties of the BRCA1 NH2-terminal domain (e.g. Brzovic 1998, 2003). This variant was found in 8/119006 control chromosomes, predominantly observed in the European (Non-Finnish) subpopulation at a frequency of 0.000122 (8/65364). This frequency is smaller than the estimated maximal expected allele frequency of a pathogenic BRCA1 variant (0.0010005). This is a well established disease variant that was reported in multiple patients with HBOC (e.g. Friedman 1994, Gorski 2000, Thorstenson 2003, Bogdanova 2010). In addition, multiple clinical diagnostic laboratories/reputable databases classified this variant as pathogenic. Taken together, this variant is classified as pathogenic. -
not provided, no classification providedphenotyping onlyGenomeConnect - Invitae Patient Insights Network-Variant interpreted as Pathogenic and reported on 08-22-2015 by Ambry Genetics. GenomeConnect-Invitae Patient Insights Network assertions are reported exactly as they appear on the patient-provided report from the testing laboratory. Registry team members make no attempt to reinterpret the clinical significance of the variant. Phenotypic details are available under supporting information. -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedresearchResearch Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Women's College Hospital, University of TorontoJan 31, 2014- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingDepartment of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen's UniversityApr 20, 2017- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingLaboratory for Molecular Medicine, Mass General Brigham Personalized MedicineJan 31, 2019The p.Cys61Gly variant in BRCA1 has been identified in >300 individuals with BRCA1-associated cancers and has segregated with disease in multiple families, including one male with breast cancer (Friedman 1994, Gorski 1999, Cherbal 2010, Bogdanova 2010, Breast Cancer Information Core database, www.research.nhgri.nih.gov/bic/). This variant has been identified in 8/65364 European chromosomes by the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC, http://exac.broadinstitute.org; dbSNP rs28897672). Please note this frequency is low enough to be consistent with the frequency of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) in the general population. In vitro functional studies have shown that the p.Cys61Gly variant disrupts protein function and produces drug-resistant tumors in mouse models (Brzvoic 1998 and Drost 2011). In summary, this variant meets our criteria to be classified as pathogenic for HBOC in an autosomal dominant manner based upon segregation studies, presence in affected individuals, low frequency in controls, and functional evidence. The ACMG/AMP criteria applied: PS4, PS3_M, PP1_M, PM2_P. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeJan 31, 2024This sequence change replaces cysteine, which is neutral and slightly polar, with glycine, which is neutral and non-polar, at codon 61 of the BRCA1 protein (p.Cys61Gly). This variant is present in population databases (rs28897672, gnomAD 0.006%). This missense change has been observed in individual(s) with breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMID: 7894493, 10788334, 20180014, 21324516). It is commonly reported in individuals of Eastern European ancestry (PMID: 19594371, 20345474, 20507347, 20569256). This variant is also known as 300T>G. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 17661). Advanced modeling performed at Invitae incorporating data from internal and/or published experimental studies (PMID: 30209399) indicates that this missense variant is expected to disrupt BRCA1 function with a positive predictive value of 95%. Experimental studies have shown that this missense change affects BRCA1 function (PMID: 9525870, 11278247, 22172724, 22843421, 23161852, 23867111). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingUniversity of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology (LBCM)-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingNational Health Laboratory Service, Universitas Academic Hospital and University of the Free StateNov 16, 2021- -
Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Pathogenic:4
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingColor Diagnostics, LLC DBA Color HealthJan 09, 2023This missense variant replaces a conserved cysteine with glycine at codon 61 in the RING domain of the BRCA1 protein. Functional studies have shown that this variant disrupts the oligomerization properties of BRCA1 (PMID: 9525870), abolishes interaction with BARD1 and ubiquitin-ligase activity associated with BRCA1 (PMID: 11278247, 11320250), inhibits BARD1-dependent repression of BRCA1 transcriptional activity (PMID: 18243530), abolishes homology-directed DNA repair activity (PMID: 20103620), and renders the mutant protein unable to complement BRCA1-null mouse or human haploid cells (PMID: 23867111, 30209399). This variant is a common cause of breast and ovarian cancer in individuals of Eastern European ancestry (PMID: 10447273, 10788334, 11102977, 20345474, 20507347, 20569256, 29492181) and has been shown to be a founder mutation in the Polish population by haplotype analysis (PMID: 19594371). This variant has been identified in 8/250754 chromosomes in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Based on the available evidence, this variant is classified as Pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsSep 05, 2023The c.181T>G (p.C61G) alteration is located in coding exon 3 of the BRCA1 gene. This alteration results from a T to G substitution at nucleotide position 181, causing the cysteine (C) at amino acid position 61 to be replaced by a glycine (G). Based on data from gnomAD, the G allele has an overall frequency of 0.003% (8/250754) total alleles studied. The highest observed frequency was 0.006% (7/113480) of European (non-Finnish) alleles. The p.C61G mutation impacts a critical residue in the RING finger functional domain of BRCA1, represents a common mutation in European populations, and has been identified in patients with breast, ovarian, pancreatic, and prostate cancer (Gronwald,2006; Janaviius, 2010; Meisel, 2017; Brand,2018; Ibrahim, 2018). This alteration has been classified as definitely pathogenic (p>0.99) by a multifactorial analysis, which integrates the following lines of evidence to produce a quantitative likelihood of pathogenicity: in silico prediction models, segregation with disease, tumor characteristics, and mutation co-occurrence (Easton, 2007; Lindor, 2012; Vallee, 2012). Of note, this alteration is also designated as 300T>G in older published literature. This amino acid position is highly conserved in available vertebrate species. This alteration has been shown to cause defective homology-directed recombination DNA repair as well as defective single-strand annealing repair (Towler, 2013). In addition, one functional study found that this nucleotide substitution is deleterious in a high throughput genome editing haploid cell survival assay (Findlay, 2018). This alteration is predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis. Based on the available evidence, this alteration is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute for Biomarker Research, Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, L.L.C.Jul 12, 2017- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submittercurationSema4, Sema4Dec 10, 2021- -
Familial cancer of breast Pathogenic:4
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingBaylor GeneticsFeb 23, 2017- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute of Human Genetics, University of Leipzig Medical CenterNov 29, 2022_x000D_ Criteria applied: PS3, PS4, PM5, PM2_SUP, PP3 -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneKor MSAJan 01, 2020This sequence change replaces cysteine with glycine at codon 61 of the BRCA1 protein (p.Cys61Gly). The cysteine residue is highly conserved among species and is located in RING finger domain of the BRCA1 protein. There is a large physiochemical difference between cysteine and glycine (Grantham Score 159). This variant is present in population databases (rs28897672, 0.01%) and has been reported in the literature as a common cause of breast and ovarian cancer in individuals of Eastern European ancestry (PMID: 20345474 ; 19594371). It has been reported in hundreds of individuals affected with these cancers (PMID: 21324516 ). It is also known as 300T>G in the literature. The mutation database ClinVar contains entries for this variant (Variation ID:17661 )Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function suggest that this variant is likely to be damaging. In addition, experimental studies have shown that this variant disrupts several aspects of BRCA1 function (PMID: 22172724, 23867111 ). -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDiagnostics Centre, Carl Von Ossietzky University OldenburgOct 16, 2023The variant BRCA1:c.181T>G, p.(Cys61Gly) which is located in the coding exon 4 of the BRCA1 gene, results from a thymine to guanine substitution at nucleotide position 181. The cysteine at protein position 61 is replaced by glycine, an amino acid with significantly different properties. Co-localised variants have been described as pathogenic (p.(Cys61Tyr), ClinvarID:54364; p.(Cys61Arg), ClinvarID:54360). This position is directly involved in the binding of a Zn2+ ion and is located in the RING finger domain of the BRCA1 protein. In silico tools predict a severe deleterious effect for the variant (REVEL = 0.95). The variant is as very rare with an overall population allele frequency= 0.00003285 (gnomAD V3.1.2). In Clinvar, this mutation has been consistently classified as pathogenic in 59 entries (ClinvarID: 17661). Numerous publications have associated this alteration with an increased risk of breast cancer (PMIDs:7894493, 10788334, 20683152, 20569256). Functional studies have shown a disruptive effect of this alteration on the function of BRCA1 and a resistance to therapy of tumours with this alteration (PMIDs: 22172724, 9525870, 11278247, 18243530). The variant is classified as Pathogenic. -
Breast carcinoma Pathogenic:2
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingCentre for Mendelian Genomics, University Medical Centre LjubljanaApr 06, 2016- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInstitute of Human Genetics, University of Leipzig Medical CenterOct 24, 2022_x000D_ Criteria applied: PS3, PS4, PM5_STR, PP3 -
Breast and/or ovarian cancer Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingCZECANCA consortiumJun 11, 2019- -
Neoplasm of ovary Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedresearchGerman Consortium for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer, University Hospital CologneDec 01, 2018- -
Familial cancer of breast;C2676676:Breast-ovarian cancer, familial, susceptibility to, 1;C3280442:Pancreatic cancer, susceptibility to, 4;C4554406:Fanconi anemia, complementation group S Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingFulgent Genetics, Fulgent GeneticsMay 03, 2022- -
Breast neoplasm Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterresearchA.C.Camargo Cancer Center / LGBM, A.C.Camargo Cancer Center-- -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
AlphaMissense
Pathogenic
0.99
BayesDel_addAF
Pathogenic
0.43
D
BayesDel_noAF
Pathogenic
0.57
Cadd
Uncertain
25
Dann
Uncertain
0.99
Eigen
Pathogenic
0.84
Eigen_PC
Pathogenic
0.74
FATHMM_MKL
Pathogenic
0.98
D
LIST_S2
Uncertain
0.96
D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D
M_CAP
Pathogenic
0.96
D
MetaRNN
Pathogenic
0.99
D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D
MetaSVM
Pathogenic
0.95
D
MutationAssessor
Pathogenic
4.4
H;H;H;H;.;H;.;.;.;.;.;.;.;.
MutationTaster
Benign
1.0
D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;N;N;N;N;N
PrimateAI
Uncertain
0.65
T
PROVEAN
Benign
-1.9
N;N;N;D;N;D;D;D;N;.;N;D;D;.
REVEL
Pathogenic
0.95
Sift
Pathogenic
0.0
D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;D;.;D;D;D;.
Sift4G
Uncertain
0.011
D;D;D;T;D;T;.;T;D;.;D;D;.;.
Polyphen
0.12, 1.0
.;B;.;.;.;D;.;.;D;.;.;.;.;.
Vest4
0.98
MutPred
0.99
Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);.;Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);.;Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);Gain of disorder (P = 0.0488);.;
MVP
1.0
MPC
0.45
ClinPred
0.98
D
GERP RS
5.2
Varity_R
0.99
gMVP
0.91

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.16
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs28897672; hg19: chr17-41258504; COSMIC: COSV105897801; COSMIC: COSV105897801; API