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rs80357713

Variant summary

Our verdict is Pathogenic. Variant got 18 ACMG points: 18P and 0B. PVS1PM2PP5_Very_Strong

The NM_007294.4(BRCA1):c.66_67insA(p.Glu23ArgfsTer18) variant causes a frameshift change involving the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.00000137 in 1,460,784 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Pathogenic (★★★). Synonymous variant affecting the same amino acid position (i.e. L22L) has been classified as Likely benign.

Frequency

Genomes: not found (cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.0000014 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

BRCA1
NM_007294.4 frameshift

Scores

Not classified

Clinical Significance

Pathogenic reviewed by expert panel P:35U:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: -0.118
Variant links:
Genes affected
BRCA1 (HGNC:1100): (BRCA1 DNA repair associated) This gene encodes a 190 kD nuclear phosphoprotein that plays a role in maintaining genomic stability, and it also acts as a tumor suppressor. The BRCA1 gene contains 22 exons spanning about 110 kb of DNA. The encoded protein combines with other tumor suppressors, DNA damage sensors, and signal transducers to form a large multi-subunit protein complex known as the BRCA1-associated genome surveillance complex (BASC). This gene product associates with RNA polymerase II, and through the C-terminal domain, also interacts with histone deacetylase complexes. This protein thus plays a role in transcription, DNA repair of double-stranded breaks, and recombination. Mutations in this gene are responsible for approximately 40% of inherited breast cancers and more than 80% of inherited breast and ovarian cancers. Alternative splicing plays a role in modulating the subcellular localization and physiological function of this gene. Many alternatively spliced transcript variants, some of which are disease-associated mutations, have been described for this gene, but the full-length natures of only some of these variants has been described. A related pseudogene, which is also located on chromosome 17, has been identified. [provided by RefSeq, May 2020]

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ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Pathogenic. Variant got 18 ACMG points.

PVS1
Loss of function variant, product does not undergo nonsense mediated mRNA decay. Variant located near the start codon (<100nt), not predicted to undergo nonsense mediated mRNA decay. There are 3499 pathogenic variants in the truncated region.
PM2
Very rare variant in population databases, with high coverage;
PP5
Variant 17-43124030-C-CT is Pathogenic according to our data. Variant chr17-43124030-C-CT is described in ClinVar as [Pathogenic]. Clinvar id is 37691.Status of the report is reviewed_by_expert_panel, 3 stars.

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
BRCA1NM_007294.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.66_67insA p.Glu23ArgfsTer18 frameshift_variant 2/23 ENST00000357654.9

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
BRCA1ENST00000357654.9 linkuse as main transcriptc.66_67insA p.Glu23ArgfsTer18 frameshift_variant 2/231 NM_007294.4 P4P38398-1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
Cov.:
32
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.00000137
AC:
2
AN:
1460784
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
30
AF XY:
0.00000138
AC XY:
1
AN XY:
726790
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.00000180
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 genome
Cov.:
32
Bravo
AF:
0.00000756

ClinVar

Significance: Pathogenic
Submissions summary: Pathogenic:35Uncertain:1
Revision: reviewed by expert panel
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

Breast-ovarian cancer, familial, susceptibility to, 1 Pathogenic:11
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingBreast Cancer Information Core (BIC) (BRCA1)May 29, 2002- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingCounsylJul 26, 2016- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingBaylor GeneticsAug 14, 2023- -
Pathogenic, reviewed by expert panelcurationEvidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles (ENIGMA)Apr 22, 2016Variant allele predicted to encode a truncated non-functional protein. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingKCCC/NGS Laboratory, Kuwait Cancer Control CenterAug 20, 2023This sequence change creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Glu23Argfs*18) in the BRCA1 gene. It is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. Loss-of-function variants in BRCA1 are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 20104584). This variant is not present in population databases (gnomAD no frequency). This premature translational stop signal has been observed in individual(s) with breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMID: 8595420, 12181777, 16998791, 20189727, 24916970). This variant is also known as 185insA. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 37691) classified as pathogenic , reviewed by expert panel. For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingMolecular Endocrinology Laboratory, Christian Medical College-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingDepartment of Molecular Diagnostics, Institute of Oncology LjubljanaApr 02, 2020- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingBRCAlab, Lund UniversityMar 02, 2020- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingConsortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA), c/o University of CambridgeOct 02, 2015- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingSharing Clinical Reports Project (SCRP)Jul 17, 2013- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingDepartment of Medical Genetics, Oslo University HospitalJul 01, 2015- -
not provided Pathogenic:10Uncertain:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneDxMar 30, 2023Observed in individuals with personal or family history consistent with pathogenic variants in this gene (Kroiss et al., 2005; Rashid et al., 2006; Thirthagiri et al., 2008; Noel et al., 2010; Ginsburg et al., 2011; Peixoto et al., 2014; Heramb et al., 2018); Frameshift variant predicted to result in protein truncation or nonsense mediated decay in a gene for which loss-of-function is a known mechanism of disease; Truncating variants in this gene are considered pathogenic by a well-established clinical consortium and/or database; Not observed in large population cohorts (gnomAD); Also known as 185dupA or 185insA; This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 8595420, 27157322, 10952777, 29339979, 29752822, 16287141, 30078507, 31492746, 20189727, 26187060, 22798144, 25103822, 23374397, 24916970, 20950396, 18627636, 12181777, 28179634, 27257965, 16998791, 29907814, 29116469, 29433453, 28993434, 8807330, 30702160, 27553291, 29470806, 28176296, 31528241, 32733560, 32341426, 29176636, 31742824, 31825140, 30787465, 11597388, 35220195, 34290354, 32211327, 15026808, 35264596, 35377489, 31892343) -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingQuest Diagnostics Nichols Institute San Juan CapistranoJul 11, 2023This variant alters the translational reading frame of the BRCA1 mRNA and causes the premature termination of BRCA1 protein synthesis. In the published literature, this variant has been reported in individuals with breast cancer (PMID: 35918668 (2022), 35220195 (2022), 34290354 (2021), 32733560 (2020), 29470806 (2018), 29176636 (2018)) and endometrial cancer (PMID: 31492746 (2019)). This variant has not been reported in large, multi-ethnic general populations (Genome Aggregation Database, http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org). Based on the available information, this variant is classified as pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingClinical Genetics DNA and cytogenetics Diagnostics Lab, Erasmus MC, Erasmus Medical Center-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingEurofins Ntd Llc (ga)Sep 05, 2014- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingRevvity Omics, RevvityFeb 15, 2022- -
Uncertain significance, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDepartment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sinai Health System-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingGenome Diagnostics Laboratory, University Medical Center Utrecht-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingClinical Genetics Laboratory, Department of Pathology, Netherlands Cancer Institute-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingLaboratory of Diagnostic Genome Analysis, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDiagnostic Laboratory, Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Groningen-- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneKor MSAJan 01, 2020This sequence change inserts one nucleotide in exon 2 of BRCA1 mRNA (c.66dupA), causing a frameshift at codon 23 and the creation of a premature translation stop signal 18 amino acid residues later. This is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. Truncating variants in BRCA1 are known to be pathogenic. This variant is also known as 185insA in the literature and it has been reported in the literature in individuals and families with breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMID: 8595420, 20189727, 24916970, 16998791). The mutation database ClinVar contains entries for this variant (Variation ID: 37691). -
Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome Pathogenic:5
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingWomen's Health and Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America, LabCorpJun 14, 2016Variant summary: The BRCA1 c.66dupA (p.Glu23Asnfs) variant results in a premature termination codon, predicted to cause a truncated or absent BRCA1 protein due to nonsense mediated decay, which are commonly known mechanisms for disease. Truncations downstream of this position have been classified as pathogenic by our laboratory (e.g. p.Gln60X, p.Tyr101X, p.Glu143X, etc.). This variant is absent in 120930 control chromosomes from ExAC. The variant is a recurrent pathogenic variant found in several HBOC patients/families and in individuals undergoing BRCA1/2 testing. In addition, several clinical diagnostic laboratories/reputable databases have classified this variant as pathogenic. Taken together, this variant is classified as Pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeDec 07, 2023This sequence change creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Glu23Argfs*18) in the BRCA1 gene. It is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. Loss-of-function variants in BRCA1 are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 20104584). This variant is not present in population databases (gnomAD no frequency). This premature translational stop signal has been observed in individual(s) with breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMID: 8595420, 12181777, 16998791, 20189727, 24916970). This variant is also known as 185insA. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 37691). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic. -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedresearchResearch Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Women's College Hospital, University of TorontoJan 31, 2014- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingNational Health Laboratory Service, Universitas Academic Hospital and University of the Free StateNov 16, 2021- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingMendelicsJul 02, 2018- -
Familial cancer of breast Pathogenic:3
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterresearchA.C.Camargo Cancer Center / LGBM, A.C.Camargo Cancer CenterJan 30, 2019- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedliterature onlyCenter for Precision Medicine, Meizhou People's Hospital-- -
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingBioscientia Institut fuer Medizinische Diagnostik GmbH, Sonic HealthcareNov 16, 2018- -
Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Pathogenic:3
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsJun 21, 2021The c.66dupA pathogenic mutation, located in coding exon 1 of the BRCA1 gene, results from a duplication of one nucleotide at position 66, causing a translational frameshift with a predicted alternate stop codon (p.E23Rfs*18). This mutation has been described in numerous breast and ovarian cancer patients and families (Couch FJ and Weber BL. Hum. Mutat. 1996;8:8-18; Rashid MU et al. Int. J. Cancer. 2006 Dec;119:2832&ndash;39; Kang E et al. Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2015 May;151:157-68; Bujassoum SM et al. J. Cancer Sci. Ther. 2017;9(2):358-64). Of note, this alteration is also designated as 185insA in published literature. In addition to the clinical data presented in the literature, this alteration is expected to result in loss of function by premature protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. As such, this alteration is interpreted as a disease-causing mutation. -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submittercurationSema4, Sema4Dec 20, 2021- -
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingColor Diagnostics, LLC DBA Color HealthOct 10, 2023This variant inserts 1 nucleotide in exon 2 of the BRCA1 gene, creating a frameshift and premature translation stop signal. This variant is expected to result in an absent or non-functional protein product. This variant has been reported in at least 10 Individuals affected with breast and ovarian cancer and in a breast cancer case-control meta-analysis in 3 cases and 1 unaffected individual (PMID: 8595420, 11606101, 12181777, 18627636, 20189727, 20950396, 27257965, 28993434, 29152070, 29470806, 33471991, 35918668; Leiden Open Variation Database DB-ID BRCA1_001098), and in suspected hereditary breast and ovarian cancer families (PMID: 10952777, 16683254, 16998791, 21559243, 24916970, 25863477, 29176636, 29339979, 29907814). This variant also has been reported in an individual affected with melanoma (PMID: 29433453). This variant has not been identified in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Loss of BRCA1 function is a known mechanism of disease (clinicalgenome.org). Based on the available evidence, this variant is classified as Pathogenic. -
Neoplasm of ovary Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedresearchGerman Consortium for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer, University Hospital CologneDec 01, 2018- -
Breast neoplasm Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterresearchLaboratory of Molecular Diagnosis of Cancer, West China Hospital, Sichuan UniversityNov 01, 2015- -
Breast carcinoma Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingMedical Genetics Laboratory, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, University of Health SciencesAug 08, 2021- -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.0
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs80357783; hg19: chr17-41276047; API