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2-233307828-C-G

Variant summary

Our verdict is Benign. Variant got -13 ACMG points: 0P and 13B. BP4_StrongBP6BS1BS2

The NM_000541.5(SAG):c.-223C>G variant causes a 5 prime UTR change involving the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.00158 in 152,338 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, including 2 homozygotes. In-silico tool predicts a benign outcome for this variant. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity (no stars).

Frequency

Genomes: 𝑓 0.0016 ( 2 hom., cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.0 ( 0 hom. )
Failed GnomAD Quality Control

Consequence

SAG
NM_000541.5 5_prime_UTR

Scores

2

Clinical Significance

Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity criteria provided, conflicting classifications U:1B:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: -0.722
Variant links:
Genes affected
SAG (HGNC:10521): (S-antigen visual arrestin) Members of arrestin/beta-arrestin protein family are thought to participate in agonist-mediated desensitization of G-protein-coupled receptors and cause specific dampening of cellular responses to stimuli such as hormones, neurotransmitters, or sensory signals. S-arrestin, also known as S-antigen, is a major soluble photoreceptor protein that is involved in desensitization of the photoactivated transduction cascade. It is expressed in the retina and the pineal gland and inhibits coupling of rhodopsin to transducin in vitro. Additionally, S-arrestin is highly antigenic, and is capable of inducing experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Oguchi disease, a rare autosomal recessive form of night blindness. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

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ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Benign. Variant got -13 ACMG points.

BP4
Computational evidence support a benign effect (BayesDel_noAF=-0.83).
BP6
Variant 2-233307828-C-G is Benign according to our data. Variant chr2-233307828-C-G is described in ClinVar as [Conflicting_classifications_of_pathogenicity]. Clinvar id is 335064.We mark this variant Likely_benign, oryginal submissions are: {Likely_benign=1, Uncertain_significance=1}.
BS1
Variant frequency is greater than expected in population afr. gnomad4 allele frequency = 0.00158 (241/152338) while in subpopulation AFR AF= 0.00568 (236/41578). AF 95% confidence interval is 0.00508. There are 2 homozygotes in gnomad4. There are 118 alleles in male gnomad4 subpopulation. Median coverage is 32. This position pass quality control queck.
BS2
High Homozygotes in GnomAd4 at 2 AD,AR gene

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
SAGNM_000541.5 linkuse as main transcriptc.-223C>G 5_prime_UTR_variant 1/16 ENST00000409110.6

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
SAGENST00000409110.6 linkuse as main transcriptc.-223C>G 5_prime_UTR_variant 1/165 NM_000541.5 P1
SAGENST00000447536.5 linkuse as main transcriptc.-272C>G 5_prime_UTR_variant 1/73
SAGENST00000476500.5 linkuse as main transcriptn.13C>G non_coding_transcript_exon_variant 1/132

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
AF:
0.00157
AC:
239
AN:
152220
Hom.:
2
Cov.:
32
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR
AF:
0.00564
Gnomad AMI
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR
AF:
0.000196
Gnomad ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad MID
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE
AF:
0.00
Gnomad OTH
AF:
0.000955
GnomAD4 exome
Data not reliable, filtered out with message: AC0
AF:
0.00
AC:
0
AN:
180
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
0
AF XY:
0.00
AC XY:
0
AN XY:
112
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 genome
AF:
0.00158
AC:
241
AN:
152338
Hom.:
2
Cov.:
32
AF XY:
0.00158
AC XY:
118
AN XY:
74504
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR
AF:
0.00568
Gnomad4 AMR
AF:
0.000196
Gnomad4 ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 OTH
AF:
0.000945
Alfa
AF:
0.00132
Hom.:
0
Bravo
AF:
0.00183
Asia WGS
AF:
0.000289
AC:
1
AN:
3478

ClinVar

Significance: Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity
Submissions summary: Uncertain:1Benign:1
Revision: criteria provided, conflicting classifications
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

Retinitis pigmentosa Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingIllumina Laboratory Services, IlluminaJan 13, 2018This variant was observed in the ICSL laboratory as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population. It had not been previously curated by ICSL or reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD: prior to June 1st, 2018), and was therefore a candidate for classification through an automated scoring system. Utilizing variant allele frequency, disease prevalence and penetrance estimates, and inheritance mode, an automated score was calculated to assess if this variant is too frequent to cause the disease. Based on the score, this variant could not be ruled out of causing disease and therefore its association with disease required further investigation. A literature search was performed for the gene, cDNA change, and amino acid change (if applicable). No publications were found based on this search. This variant was therefore classified as a variant of unknown significance for this disease. -
Oguchi disease Benign:1
Likely benign, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingIllumina Laboratory Services, IlluminaJan 13, 2018This variant was observed in the ICSL laboratory as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population. It had not been previously curated by ICSL or reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD: prior to June 1st, 2018), and was therefore a candidate for classification through an automated scoring system. Utilizing variant allele frequency, disease prevalence and penetrance estimates, and inheritance mode, an automated score was calculated to assess if this variant is too frequent to cause the disease. Based on the score and internal cut-off values, a variant classified as likely benign is not then subjected to further curation. The score for this variant resulted in a classification of likely benign for this disease. -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
BayesDel_noAF
Benign
-0.83
CADD
Benign
3.6
DANN
Benign
0.62

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.010
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs140569105; hg19: chr2-234216474; API