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GeneBe

2-233309194-C-T

Variant summary

Our verdict is Uncertain significance. Variant got 1 ACMG points: 2P and 1B. PM2BP4

The NM_000541.5(SAG):c.5C>T(p.Ala2Val) variant causes a missense change involving the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.0000031 in 1,613,326 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. In-silico tool predicts a benign outcome for this variant. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Uncertain significance (★). Synonymous variant affecting the same amino acid position (i.e. A2A) has been classified as Likely benign.

Frequency

Genomes: 𝑓 0.0000066 ( 0 hom., cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.0000027 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

SAG
NM_000541.5 missense

Scores

2
5
9

Clinical Significance

Uncertain significance criteria provided, single submitter U:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: 1.80
Variant links:
Genes affected
SAG (HGNC:10521): (S-antigen visual arrestin) Members of arrestin/beta-arrestin protein family are thought to participate in agonist-mediated desensitization of G-protein-coupled receptors and cause specific dampening of cellular responses to stimuli such as hormones, neurotransmitters, or sensory signals. S-arrestin, also known as S-antigen, is a major soluble photoreceptor protein that is involved in desensitization of the photoactivated transduction cascade. It is expressed in the retina and the pineal gland and inhibits coupling of rhodopsin to transducin in vitro. Additionally, S-arrestin is highly antigenic, and is capable of inducing experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Oguchi disease, a rare autosomal recessive form of night blindness. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

Genome browser will be placed here

ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Uncertain_significance. Variant got 1 ACMG points.

PM2
Very rare variant in population databases, with high coverage;
BP4
Computational evidence support a benign effect (MetaRNN=0.2991395).

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
SAGNM_000541.5 linkuse as main transcriptc.5C>T p.Ala2Val missense_variant 2/16 ENST00000409110.6

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
SAGENST00000409110.6 linkuse as main transcriptc.5C>T p.Ala2Val missense_variant 2/165 NM_000541.5 P1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
AF:
0.00000657
AC:
1
AN:
152174
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMI
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad MID
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad OTH
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.00000274
AC:
4
AN:
1461152
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
30
AF XY:
0.00000275
AC XY:
2
AN XY:
726862
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.00000360
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 genome
AF:
0.00000657
AC:
1
AN:
152174
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
AF XY:
0.00
AC XY:
0
AN XY:
74352
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad4 OTH
AF:
0.00
Bravo
AF:
0.00000756
ExAC
AF:
0.00000827
AC:
1
EpiCase
AF:
0.0000545
EpiControl
AF:
0.00

ClinVar

Significance: Uncertain significance
Submissions summary: Uncertain:1
Revision: criteria provided, single submitter
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

not provided Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeJan 18, 2023In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function are either unavailable or do not agree on the potential impact of this missense change (SIFT: "Tolerated"; PolyPhen-2: "Possibly Damaging"; Align-GVGD: "Class C0"). This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals affected with SAG-related conditions. This variant is not present in population databases (gnomAD no frequency). This sequence change replaces alanine, which is neutral and non-polar, with valine, which is neutral and non-polar, at codon 2 of the SAG protein (p.Ala2Val). -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
AlphaMissense
Uncertain
0.41
BayesDel_addAF
Benign
-0.077
T
BayesDel_noAF
Benign
-0.35
CADD
Uncertain
25
DANN
Pathogenic
1.0
Eigen
Uncertain
0.22
Eigen_PC
Benign
0.14
FATHMM_MKL
Uncertain
0.89
D
M_CAP
Benign
0.013
T
MetaRNN
Benign
0.30
T;T;T
MetaSVM
Benign
-0.88
T
MutationTaster
Benign
0.69
N
PrimateAI
Uncertain
0.51
T
PROVEAN
Benign
-0.50
N;N;N
REVEL
Benign
0.093
Sift
Uncertain
0.013
D;D;D
Sift4G
Pathogenic
0.0
D;T;D
Polyphen
0.99
.;D;.
Vest4
0.48
MutPred
0.30
Gain of sheet (P = 0.0507);Gain of sheet (P = 0.0507);Gain of sheet (P = 0.0507);
MVP
0.77
MPC
0.34
ClinPred
0.77
D
GERP RS
3.4
Varity_R
0.077
gMVP
0.51

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.080
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs779256859; hg19: chr2-234217840; API