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22-28687892-G-A

Variant summary

Our verdict is Likely benign. Variant got -5 ACMG points: 0P and 5B. BP4_StrongBP6

The NM_007194.4(CHEK2):c.*5C>T variant causes a 3 prime UTR change involving the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.0000107 in 1,594,054 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. In-silico tool predicts a benign outcome for this variant. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity (no stars).

Frequency

Genomes: 𝑓 0.000020 ( 0 hom., cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.0000097 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

CHEK2
NM_007194.4 3_prime_UTR

Scores

2

Clinical Significance

Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity criteria provided, conflicting classifications U:2B:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: -1.52
Variant links:
Genes affected
CHEK2 (HGNC:16627): (checkpoint kinase 2) In response to DNA damage and replication blocks, cell cycle progression is halted through the control of critical cell cycle regulators. The protein encoded by this gene is a cell cycle checkpoint regulator and putative tumor suppressor. It contains a forkhead-associated protein interaction domain essential for activation in response to DNA damage and is rapidly phosphorylated in response to replication blocks and DNA damage. When activated, the encoded protein is known to inhibit CDC25C phosphatase, preventing entry into mitosis, and has been shown to stabilize the tumor suppressor protein p53, leading to cell cycle arrest in G1. In addition, this protein interacts with and phosphorylates BRCA1, allowing BRCA1 to restore survival after DNA damage. Mutations in this gene have been linked with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a highly penetrant familial cancer phenotype usually associated with inherited mutations in TP53. Also, mutations in this gene are thought to confer a predisposition to sarcomas, breast cancer, and brain tumors. This nuclear protein is a member of the CDS1 subfamily of serine/threonine protein kinases. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

Genome browser will be placed here

ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Likely_benign. Variant got -5 ACMG points.

BP4
Computational evidence support a benign effect (BayesDel_noAF=-0.93).
BP6
Variant 22-28687892-G-A is Benign according to our data. Variant chr22-28687892-G-A is described in ClinVar as [Conflicting_classifications_of_pathogenicity]. Clinvar id is 140914.We mark this variant Likely_benign, oryginal submissions are: {Uncertain_significance=1, Likely_benign=1}.

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
CHEK2NM_007194.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.*5C>T 3_prime_UTR_variant 15/15 ENST00000404276.6

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
CHEK2ENST00000404276.6 linkuse as main transcriptc.*5C>T 3_prime_UTR_variant 15/151 NM_007194.4 P2O96017-1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
AF:
0.0000197
AC:
3
AN:
152148
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR
AF:
0.0000483
Gnomad AMI
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad MID
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad OTH
AF:
0.00
GnomAD3 exomes
AF:
0.00000856
AC:
2
AN:
233600
Hom.:
0
AF XY:
0.00000779
AC XY:
1
AN XY:
128296
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR exome
AF:
0.0000679
Gnomad AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS exome
AF:
0.0000330
Gnomad FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.00000971
AC:
14
AN:
1441906
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
30
AF XY:
0.00000975
AC XY:
7
AN XY:
717814
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.0000300
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.0000116
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.00000991
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.0000167
GnomAD4 genome
AF:
0.0000197
AC:
3
AN:
152148
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
32
AF XY:
0.0000135
AC XY:
1
AN XY:
74316
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR
AF:
0.0000483
Gnomad4 AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad4 OTH
AF:
0.00
Bravo
AF:
0.0000227

ClinVar

Significance: Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity
Submissions summary: Uncertain:2Benign:1
Revision: criteria provided, conflicting classifications
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

not provided Uncertain:1Benign:1
Uncertain significance, no assertion criteria providedclinical testingDepartment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sinai Health System-The CHEK2 c.*5C>T variant was not identified in the literature nor was it identified in the Cosmic, MutDB, and Zhejiang University Database. The variant was identified in dbSNP (ID: rs587781367) as “With Uncertain significance allele”, in ClinVar (classified uncertain significance by Ambry Genetics and likely benign by GeneDx), and in control databases in 2 of 229070 chromosomes at a frequency of 0.000009 (Genome Aggregation Database Feb 27, 2017). It was observed in the following populations: African in 1 of 13844 chromosomes (freq: 0.00007) and South Asian in 1 of 30508 chromosomes (freq: 0.00003); it was not observed in the Other, Latino, European Non-Finnish, Ashkenazi Jewish, East Asian, and European Finnish populations. The variant occurs in the 3’UTR but is not in a region known to affect transcriptional termination. In summary, based on the above information the clinical significance of this variant cannot be determined with certainty at this time although we would lean towards a more benign role for this variant. This variant is classified as likely benign. -
Likely benign, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneDxJun 20, 2023See Variant Classification Assertion Criteria. -
Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsMay 02, 2016The c.*5C>T variant is located in the 3' untranslated region (3’ UTR) of the CHEK2 gene. This variant results from a C to T substitution 5 nucleotides after the last translated exon of the CHEK2 gene. This variant was not reported in population based cohorts in the following databases: Database of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (dbSNP), NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project (ESP), and 1000 Genomes Project. In the ESP, this variant was not observed in 3663 samples (7326 alleles) with coverage at this position. To date, this alteration has been detected with an allele frequency of approximately 0.002% (greater than 130000 alleles tested) in our clinical cohort. This nucleotide position is poorly conserved in available vertebrate species. Since supporting evidence is limited at this time, the clinical significance of c.*5C>T remains unclear. -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
BayesDel_noAF
Benign
-0.93
CADD
Benign
0.92
DANN
Benign
0.74
RBP_binding_hub_radar
0.0
RBP_regulation_power_radar
1.1

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.0
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs587781367; hg19: chr22-29083880; API