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GeneBe

22-28687899-A-G

Variant summary

Our verdict is Uncertain significance. Variant got 0 ACMG points: 2P and 2B. PM2BP4_Moderate

The NM_007194.4(CHEK2):c.1630T>C(p.Ter544ArgextTer48) variant causes a stop lost change involving the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide. The variant was absent in control chromosomes in GnomAD project. In-silico tool predicts a benign outcome for this variant. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Uncertain significance (★★).

Frequency

Genomes: not found (cov: 32)

Consequence

CHEK2
NM_007194.4 stop_lost

Scores

1
6

Clinical Significance

Uncertain significance criteria provided, multiple submitters, no conflicts U:2

Conservation

PhyloP100: 1.63
Variant links:
Genes affected
CHEK2 (HGNC:16627): (checkpoint kinase 2) In response to DNA damage and replication blocks, cell cycle progression is halted through the control of critical cell cycle regulators. The protein encoded by this gene is a cell cycle checkpoint regulator and putative tumor suppressor. It contains a forkhead-associated protein interaction domain essential for activation in response to DNA damage and is rapidly phosphorylated in response to replication blocks and DNA damage. When activated, the encoded protein is known to inhibit CDC25C phosphatase, preventing entry into mitosis, and has been shown to stabilize the tumor suppressor protein p53, leading to cell cycle arrest in G1. In addition, this protein interacts with and phosphorylates BRCA1, allowing BRCA1 to restore survival after DNA damage. Mutations in this gene have been linked with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a highly penetrant familial cancer phenotype usually associated with inherited mutations in TP53. Also, mutations in this gene are thought to confer a predisposition to sarcomas, breast cancer, and brain tumors. This nuclear protein is a member of the CDS1 subfamily of serine/threonine protein kinases. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

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ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Uncertain_significance. Variant got 0 ACMG points.

PM2
Very rare variant in population databases, with high coverage;
BP4
Computational evidence support a benign effect (BayesDel_addAF=-0.161702).

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
CHEK2NM_007194.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.1630T>C p.Ter544ArgextTer48 stop_lost 15/15 ENST00000404276.6

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
CHEK2ENST00000404276.6 linkuse as main transcriptc.1630T>C p.Ter544ArgextTer48 stop_lost 15/151 NM_007194.4 P2O96017-1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
Cov.:
32
GnomAD4 exome
Cov.:
30
GnomAD4 genome
Cov.:
32

ClinVar

Significance: Uncertain significance
Submissions summary: Uncertain:2
Revision: criteria provided, multiple submitters, no conflicts
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsJul 02, 2015The c.1630T>C variant, located in coding exon 14 of the CHEK2 gene, results from a T to C substitution at nucleotide position 1630. The stop codon at position 544 is replaced by an arginine, resulting in an elongation of the protein by 48 amino acids. The exact functional impact of these inserted amino acids is unknown at this time. This variant was not reported in population based cohorts in the following databases: Database of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (dbSNP), NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project (ESP), and 1000 Genomes Project. In the ESP, this variant was not observed in 3667 samples (7334 alleles) with coverage at this position. To date, this alteration has been detected with an allele frequency of approximately 0.001% (greater than 72000 alleles tested) in our clinical cohort. This nucleotide position is well conserved in available vertebrate species. Since supporting evidence is limited at this time, the clinical significance of c.1630T>C remains unclear. -
Familial cancer of breast Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeAug 27, 2021In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance. Experimental studies and prediction algorithms are not available or were not evaluated, and the functional significance of this variant is currently unknown. This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals affected with CHEK2-related conditions. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This sequence change disrupts the translational stop signal of the CHEK2 mRNA. It is expected to extend the length of the CHEK2 protein by 48 additional amino acid residues. -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
BayesDel_addAF
Benign
-0.16
T
BayesDel_noAF
Benign
-0.47
CADD
Benign
15
DANN
Benign
0.78
Eigen
Uncertain
0.43
Eigen_PC
Benign
0.10
FATHMM_MKL
Benign
0.22
N
MutationTaster
Benign
1.0
N;N;N;N;N;N;N;N;N;N;N
Vest4
0.38
GERP RS
3.6
RBP_binding_hub_radar
0.0
RBP_regulation_power_radar
1.1

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.0
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

No publications associated with this variant yet.

Other links and lift over

hg19: chr22-29083887; API