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rs762636894

Variant summary

Our verdict is Likely pathogenic. Variant got 9 ACMG points: 9P and 0B. PVS1PP5

The NM_006231.4(POLE):c.1503_1504del(p.Cys501Ter) variant causes a stop gained, frameshift change involving the alteration of a conserved nucleotide. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.0000105 in 1,614,044 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity (no stars). Synonymous variant affecting the same amino acid position (i.e. C501C) has been classified as Likely benign. Variant results in nonsense mediated mRNA decay.

Frequency

Genomes: 𝑓 0.0000066 ( 0 hom., cov: 33)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.000011 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

POLE
NM_006231.4 stop_gained, frameshift

Scores

Not classified

Clinical Significance

Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity criteria provided, conflicting classifications P:1U:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: 7.91
Variant links:
Genes affected
POLE (HGNC:9177): (DNA polymerase epsilon, catalytic subunit) This gene encodes the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase epsilon. The enzyme is involved in DNA repair and chromosomal DNA replication. Mutations in this gene have been associated with colorectal cancer 12 and facial dysmorphism, immunodeficiency, livedo, and short stature. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

Genome browser will be placed here

ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Likely_pathogenic. Variant got 9 ACMG points.

PVS1
Loss of function variant, product undergoes nonsense mediated mRNA decay. LoF is a known mechanism of disease.
PP5
Variant 12-132672808-TCA-T is Pathogenic according to our data. Variant chr12-132672808-TCA-T is described in ClinVar as [Conflicting_classifications_of_pathogenicity]. Clinvar id is 540762.We mark this variant Likely_pathogenic, oryginal submissions are: {Pathogenic=1, Uncertain_significance=1}.

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
POLENM_006231.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.1503_1504del p.Cys501Ter stop_gained, frameshift_variant 15/49 ENST00000320574.10

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
POLEENST00000320574.10 linkuse as main transcriptc.1503_1504del p.Cys501Ter stop_gained, frameshift_variant 15/491 NM_006231.4 P1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
AF:
0.00000657
AC:
1
AN:
152206
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
33
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMI
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad MID
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad OTH
AF:
0.00
GnomAD3 exomes
AF:
0.0000199
AC:
5
AN:
250910
Hom.:
0
AF XY:
0.0000221
AC XY:
3
AN XY:
135718
show subpopulations
Gnomad AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad NFE exome
AF:
0.0000441
Gnomad OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.0000109
AC:
16
AN:
1461838
Hom.:
0
AF XY:
0.00000688
AC XY:
5
AN XY:
727218
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.0000144
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 genome
AF:
0.00000657
AC:
1
AN:
152206
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
33
AF XY:
0.0000134
AC XY:
1
AN XY:
74360
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE
AF:
0.0000147
Gnomad4 OTH
AF:
0.00
Bravo
AF:
0.0000151

ClinVar

Significance: Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity
Submissions summary: Pathogenic:1Uncertain:1
Revision: criteria provided, conflicting classifications
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

not provided Pathogenic:1
Pathogenic, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeDec 29, 2023This sequence change creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Cys501*) in the POLE gene. It is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. Loss-of-function variants in POLE are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 23230001, 25948378, 30503519). This variant is present in population databases (rs762636894, gnomAD 0.004%). This premature translational stop signal has been observed in individual(s) with lung adenocarcinoma (PMID: 29625052). ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 540762). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic. -
Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsApr 10, 2020The c.1503_1504delTG variant, located in coding exon 15 of the POLE gene, results from a deletion of two nucleotides at nucleotide positions 1503 to 1504, causing a translational frameshift with a predicted alternate stop codon (p.C501*). This alteration is expected to result in loss of function by premature protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. However, loss of function of POLE has not been clearly established as a mechanism of disease. Since supporting evidence is limited at this time, the clinical significance of this alteration remains unclear. -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
SpliceAI score (max)
0.010
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs762636894; hg19: chr12-133249394; API