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GeneBe

rs957106428

Variant summary

Our verdict is Likely benign. Variant got -2 ACMG points: 0P and 2B. BP4_Moderate

The NM_024675.4(PALB2):c.2515-3C>T variant causes a splice region, splice polypyrimidine tract, intron change. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.000013 in 1,460,522 control chromosomes in the GnomAD database, with no homozygous occurrence. In-silico tool predicts a benign outcome for this variant. 2/2 splice prediction tools predict no significant impact on normal splicing. Variant has been reported in ClinVar as Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity (no stars).

Frequency

Genomes: not found (cov: 32)
Exomes 𝑓: 0.000013 ( 0 hom. )

Consequence

PALB2
NM_024675.4 splice_region, splice_polypyrimidine_tract, intron

Scores

2
Splicing: ADA: 0.1555
2

Clinical Significance

Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity criteria provided, conflicting classifications U:3B:1

Conservation

PhyloP100: 5.03
Variant links:
Genes affected
PALB2 (HGNC:26144): (partner and localizer of BRCA2) This gene encodes a protein that may function in tumor suppression. This protein binds to and colocalizes with the breast cancer 2 early onset protein (BRCA2) in nuclear foci and likely permits the stable intranuclear localization and accumulation of BRCA2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

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ACMG classification

Classification made for transcript

Verdict is Likely_benign. Variant got -2 ACMG points.

BP4
Computational evidence support a benign effect (BayesDel_noAF=-0.28).

Transcripts

RefSeq

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons MANE UniProt
PALB2NM_024675.4 linkuse as main transcriptc.2515-3C>T splice_region_variant, splice_polypyrimidine_tract_variant, intron_variant ENST00000261584.9

Ensembl

Gene Transcript HGVSc HGVSp Effect #exon/exons TSL MANE Appris UniProt
PALB2ENST00000261584.9 linkuse as main transcriptc.2515-3C>T splice_region_variant, splice_polypyrimidine_tract_variant, intron_variant 1 NM_024675.4 P1

Frequencies

GnomAD3 genomes
Cov.:
32
GnomAD4 exome
AF:
0.0000130
AC:
19
AN:
1460522
Hom.:
0
Cov.:
31
AF XY:
0.0000138
AC XY:
10
AN XY:
726612
show subpopulations
Gnomad4 AFR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 AMR exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 ASJ exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 EAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 SAS exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 FIN exome
AF:
0.00
Gnomad4 NFE exome
AF:
0.0000171
Gnomad4 OTH exome
AF:
0.00
GnomAD4 genome
Cov.:
32
Asia WGS
AF:
0.000289
AC:
1
AN:
3478

ClinVar

Significance: Conflicting classifications of pathogenicity
Submissions summary: Uncertain:3Benign:1
Revision: criteria provided, conflicting classifications
LINK: link

Submissions by phenotype

not provided Uncertain:2
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingGeneDxJul 27, 2021Not observed at significant frequency in large population cohorts (Lek 2016); In silico analysis supports that this variant does not alter splicing; Has not been previously published as pathogenic or benign to our knowledge -
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingQuest Diagnostics Nichols Institute San Juan CapistranoApr 18, 2023To the best of our knowledge, the variant has not been reported in the published literature. It also has not been reported in large, multi-ethnic general populations (http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org). Analysis of this variant using software algorithms for the prediction of the effect of nucleotide changes on splicing yielded predictions that this variant does not affect PALB2 mRNA splicing . Based on the available information, we are unable to determine the clinical significance of this variant. -
Familial cancer of breast Uncertain:1
Uncertain significance, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingInvitaeDec 07, 2023This sequence change falls in intron 5 of the PALB2 gene. It does not directly change the encoded amino acid sequence of the PALB2 protein. It affects a nucleotide within the consensus splice site. This variant is not present in population databases (gnomAD no frequency). This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals affected with PALB2-related conditions. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 460945). Variants that disrupt the consensus splice site are a relatively common cause of aberrant splicing (PMID: 17576681, 9536098). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of sequence changes on RNA splicing suggest that this variant may disrupt the consensus splice site. In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance. -
Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome Benign:1
Likely benign, criteria provided, single submitterclinical testingAmbry GeneticsOct 15, 2019This alteration is classified as likely benign based on a combination of the following: population frequency, intact protein function, lack of segregation with disease, co-occurrence, RNA analysis, in silico models, amino acid conservation, lack of disease association in case-control studies, and/or the mechanism of disease or impacted region is inconsistent with a known cause of pathogenicity. -

Computational scores

Source: dbNSFP v4.3

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
BayesDel_noAF
Benign
-0.28
Cadd
Benign
17
Dann
Benign
0.87
RBP_binding_hub_radar
0.0
RBP_regulation_power_radar
1.1

Splicing

Name
Calibrated prediction
Score
Prediction
dbscSNV1_ADA
Benign
0.16
dbscSNV1_RF
Benign
0.16
SpliceAI score (max)
0.13
Details are displayed if max score is > 0.2

Find out detailed SpliceAI scores and Pangolin per-transcript scores at spliceailookup.broadinstitute.org

Publications

LitVar

Below is the list of publications found by LitVar. It may be empty.

Other links and lift over

dbSNP: rs957106428; hg19: chr16-23640599; API